Pediatric Life Support
Children and infants are most likely to develop cardiac arrest from the progression of respiratory failure or shock (Young & Seidel, 1999). It is for this reason airway management skills are core to effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for this population in conjunction with high quality chest compressions (Kitamura et al., 2010). Practitioners should be knowledgeable in pediatric airway anatomy and highly efficient in assessment and management to optimize outcomes of CPR (Kleinman et al., 2010). This module will review CPR for the pediatric patient.
  • Perform an initial assessment of the pediatric patient
  • Understand the differences in the pediatric airway
  • Be able to position a pediatric patient  airway in the correct position
  • Know how to use oropharyngeal and nasal airways
  • Be familiar with an LMA for a pediatric patient
  • Know how to intubate a pediatric airway
  • Know how to size an ETT for a pediatric patient
  • Know about cricoid pressure for intubation of the pediatric patient
  • Know about the proper depth of the ETT for a pediatric patient
  • Know how to ventilate a pediatric patient
  • Know how to place and fit a mask on a pediatric patient
  • Know how much ventilation pressure to deliver to a pediatric patient
  • Know how to treat a pediatric patient who cannot be ventilated
  • Be familiar with CO2 detectors and capnography
  • Be familiar with the anatomy of the vocal cords
  • Know the complications of intubation
  • Know who to insert an orogastric tube and what depth to insert
  • Know how to deliver chest compressions including the method, rate, location, and depth
  • Know how to coordinate chest compressions and ventiations
  • Know about resuscitation drugs, indications, doses for neonatal resuscitation
  • Know about volume administration
  • Know about defibrillation in resuscitation
  • Know how to estimate the weight of a pediatric patient
physicians, physician assistants, nurse practicioners, nurses
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