Basic Life Support
 
Description:
 
Basic Life Support (BLS) encompases the recogition, initial treatment, and a seamless transition from BLS to Advanced Life Support (ALS) for cardiac arrest, respiratory arrest, and choking. BLS responders are the initial line of therapy whereas ALS is the second line of therapy. The last line of therapy is definitive treatment of the underlying disease at a hospital. The overall sucess of the cascading steps in therapy all begin and are dependent upon BLS being timely, high quality, and seamless with ALS and beyond.
 
Obectives:
 

Expected Completion: Jan 1, 2017

  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the initial assessment actions of scene safety and recognition of cardiac and respiratory arrest.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the actions required for activation of the emergency response system and acquisition of an AED or defibrillator.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the actions and limitations of the pulse check.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the required action if a definite pulse is detected including appropriate ventilation parameters and subsequent pulse assessments.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the required action if no pulse is detected.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the actions including the constituents of high quality CPR and the supporting resuscitation science.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the actions including the different medical devices employed for rhythm analysis/defibrillation within a Healthcare System, the differences between shockable and non-shockable cardiac rhythms, and the necessary reaction to each type of rhythm.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the cyclical nature of the BLS/CPR Algorithm and the relationship between this cycle of resuscitation/analysis/shock and the employment of advanced life support actions.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the outcomes of resuscitation including ROSC or termination of support and actions required immediately post-cardiac arrest.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the roles and responsibilities during multi-rescuer CPR, including the appropriate interval for switching duties.
  • Participants will demonstrate knowledge of the benefits derived from placement of an advanced airway.
  • Participants will demonstrate knowledge of the appropriate compression:breath ratio for CPR when an advanced airway is in place.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the recommendations for providing ventilation during CPR including the sequence, rate, and character of breaths.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the recommendations for providing rescue breathing to a victim with absent or abnormal ventilation and a definite pulse including the sequence, rate, and character of breaths.
  • The participant will demonstrate a basic knowledge of the effects of excessive ventilation during resuscitative efforts.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the basic methodology and limitations associated with mouth-to-mouth, mouth-to-barrier device, mouth-to-nose, and mouth-to-stoma ventilation.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the methodology and limitations of Bag-Mask ventilation.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the role of advanced ventilation techniques/devices and where to seek additional instruction on these elements
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the signs of mild airway obstruction and required actions in the event this is encountered.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the signs of severe airway obstruction and required actions in the event this is encountered.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the steps required to relieve an airway obstruction using abdominal thrusts.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of when to employ alternative relief techniques such as chest compressions.
  • The participant will demonstrate knowledge of the actions if the victim becomes unresponsive, or is found unresponsive.
 
Target:
 
physicians, physician assistants, nurse practicioners, nurses